The Strategic Issues Of Economic Development Of Border Area Of Indonesia - Malaysia

  • Abas Sunarya STMIK Raharja
  • Sudaryono Sudaryono STMIK Raharja

Abstract

On the land, Indonesia is bordered by three countries: Malaysia, Papua New Guinea and Timor Leste.
Whereas, in Indonesia sea area bordered by 10 countries: India, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand,
Vietnam, Philippines, the Republic of Palau, Australia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea. Most of
the border region in Indonesia is still an underdeveloped area with less facilities and infrastructure of
social and economic. Formulation of the problem are: 1. How do the condition of the socio-economic
and culture in the border of Indonesia - Malaysia? 2. What is the condition of infrastructure in the
border and what is the urgent infrastructure to be built? 3. What are policy and strategy of the
Indonesian government of the border of society development between Indonesia (Entikong) and
Malaysia (Sarawak)? The purpose of writing are: 1. Comparing the condition of the socio-economic
and culture of border both Indonesia and Malaysia. 2. Comparing the condition of the infrastructure
of border both Indonesia and Malaysia and determining the infrastructure to be built. 3. Describing
the Indonesian government policy and strategy in development acceleration of economic society in the
border between Indonesia, especially Entikong Sub-District of Sanggau Regency West Kalimantan
and Malaysia (Sarawak). Although, the commitment and the governments policy have given a higher
priority in the reorientated development of border, which those of security (security approach) into a
welfare orientation (prosperity approach), but overall, the issue of society development in Indonesia
border, especially the District Entikong Sanggau Regency West Kalimantan and Malaysia (Sarawak)
so far can be said that are still not getting proportional attention. The indication, though a variety of
policies, regulations or laws relating to efforts to accelerate economic development of border societies
have been made. Various issues and problems are faced by the border, both land and sea borders can
be solved by more focused and targeted on six aspects, these are policy, economic and socio-cultural,
defense and security, natural resources management, institutional and management authority, as well
as cooperation inter nations.

Published
2016-08-30
How to Cite
Sunarya, A., & Sudaryono, S. (2016). The Strategic Issues Of Economic Development Of Border Area Of Indonesia - Malaysia. CICES, 2(2), 110-121. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.33050/cices.v2i2.221
Section
Articles